The History about Iran’s Nuclear Program
Iran’s nuclear program became a central issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facilities that was on August 2002. The two of the facilities that they have which is the uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and also the heavy water reactor based on Arak comes with two possible nuclear weapon application.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following the negotiations made by the EU-3 that is Germany, France and also the UK back in October 2003, Iran then agreed to suspend all of its activities on uranium enrichment. Another thing is that the EU-3 acknowledged on its nuclear rights and promised as well to supply Iran with modern technology after this provided sufficient assurance on its international community about the nature of its nuclear program.
The suspension of its enrichment activity in fact lasted to June 2005, after the election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran then resumed uranium enrichment to where you could see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As an addition to its unpublished economic as well as political side, Iran was being offered a supply of nuclear fuel as an assurance of non aggression from the EU. This offer however was being rejected by Iran because the nuclear officials considers it very insulting and it is also humiliating.
Both the US and EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in referring Iran to the United Nations Security Council on any possible sanctions.
Back in September 2009, Iran informed the IAEA for a second uranium enrichment facility that’s under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, France as well as US issued a joint statement which argues about the disclosure of their secret facility, which they say is a growing concern about the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks were made, the IAEA provide Iran about draft deals that sees Iran ships for most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia regarding further enrichment as well as fuel returned to Iran on the use of medical research and cancer treatment. Iran also had proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal ended up to nowhere.